Real-life Aviation Accidents/Incidents

Discussion in 'General Off-Topic' started by tsunamidrew, Mar 5, 2020.

  1. tsunamidrew

    tsunamidrew
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    Joined:
    Apr 5, 2016
    Messages:
    348
    Hi, so i normally post Aviation Accident/Incident stories on Captain Adam's Plane Crashes/Stories thread and i realized that posting real-life aviation accidents/incidents on his thread would be off-topic and inappropriate. So, i decided to make this thread!

    Feel free to post some accidents!


    Here's my format:


    (Picture)

    Operator (Airline,Charter Line, Military, Private, ETC)
    Date (What day did the accident occurred)
    Summary (What was the cause of the accident)
    Site (Where did the accident/incident take place)
    Aircraft:
    Registration:
    Occupants (How many were onboard):
    Crew:
    Passengers:
    Fatalities (How many people died)
    Survivors (How many people survived)
    Injuries (Non Fatal):
    Nature (What type of flight it was)
    Phase (When was the flight doing prior to the accident)
    Origin Airport (Where the flight took off at)
    Stopover Airport (Only post if flight had one or multiple stopovers)
    Destination Airport: (Where the flight was headed)
    Flight Number: (Say N/A if it's Military or Private)
    Damage: (What condition was the aircraft in)

    or if the incident involves multiple aircraft or ground fatalities:

    Accident:
    Date:
    Summary:
    Site:
    Fatalities:
    Survivors:
    Injuries (Non Fatal):

    and post the same format as above below this format

    This is my ground format;

    Ground Castulties:
    Fatalities
    Injuries (Non Fatal):

    Feel free to add a nationality list of the victims along with the flags (would recommend older flags depending on the time of accident)


    If you can find one, please include a image of the aircraft involved in the Accident/Incident or find an image o a identical aircraft. Please also include aftermath pictures of the accident

    Feel free to add videos of ATC/CVR Tapes (Please include transcipt) and Videos of accidents, aftermath footage and news coverage of the accident/incident you are talking about

    --- Post updated ---
    Here's an example of mine from Captain Adam's thread:


    El Al Flight 1862 (Bijlmer Disaster)



    Accident:
    Date: October 4th,1992
    Summary: Engine Separation from Fatigue leading to Loss of Control
    Site: Bijlmermeer, Amsterdam,Netherlands
    Fatalities: 4 (All) 39 (Ground) Total: 43
    Survivors:0
    Injuries (Non Fatal): 26 (11 Serious,15 Minor)


    Plane:



    (4X-AXG, The Boeing 747-200F involved in 1991 at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, the same airport the ill-fated flight took off at)


    Operator: El Al (Cargo)
    Aircraft: Boeing 747-200F
    Registration: 4X-AXG
    Occupants:4
    Crew:3
    Passengers:1 (Non-Revenue)
    Fatalities: 4 (All)
    Survivors:0
    Injuries (Non Fatal):0
    Nature: International Scheduled Cargo
    Phase: En-Flight
    Origin Airport: JFK International Airport,New York,United States
    Stopover Airport: Amsterdam Airport Schiphol,Amsterdam,Netherlands
    Destination Airport: Ben Gurion International Airport,Tel Aviv,Israel
    Flight Number: 1862
    Damage: Destroyed

    Ground Casualties:
    Fatalities:39
    Injuries (Non Fatal): 26 (11 Serious,15 Minor)


    Summary:

    On October 4th,1992, El Al Flight 1862 is at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in Amsterdam,Netherlands, it is at its first and only stopover. The Flight originated at JFK International Airport in New York,United States and after the stopover at Schiphol, the flight is planning on heading to its assigned destination of Ben Gurion International Airport in Tel Aviv,Israel. The Plane operating the flight is a 13 year old Boeing 747-200F registered as 4X-AXG, It has a serial number of 21737/362. At the time, 4X-AXG had a total 45,746 total Airframe hours and 10,107 Flight Cycles. On board are 3 Crew, The Captain was Yitzhak Fuchs, aged 59 with about 25,000 flight hours. Fuchs was a former Israel Air Force pilot and flew bomber aircraft in the 1950s. His Co-Pilot was First Officer Arnon Ohad, aged 32 and the Engineer was Second Officer Gedalya Sofer, aged 61. Also onboard is a El Al employee named Anat Soloman, aged 23. She was on the flight to head to Tel Aviv to marry Itzik Levi, another El Al employee. Flight 1862 takes of at 6:22 PM (CET), just 52 minutes behind schedule. at 6:29 PM (CET), 7 minutes after takeoff, Flight 1862 is flying over Lake Gooimeer, located about 13 miles (20.92 Kilometers) from Central Amsterdam and about 18 miles (28.98 Kilometers) from Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. When all of a sudden!







    (A Screenshot from the Mayday/Air Crash Investigation episode covering Flight 1862 showing a computer animated reenactment of the exact moment the third engine broke apart from the wing and colliding into the forth engine)

    The third Engine (the leftmost engine on the right wing) of the 747 breaks away from the wing and hits the fourth engine causing the 747 to bank to the right and damage the no. 3 and 4 hydraulic lines and the flaps. Captain Fuchs uses the ruder to attempt to have the 747 level and it works. The Pilots declare emergency and head back to the airport. A Fire Alarms sounds believing the third engine is on fire, the pilots use the engine's fire extinguisher but to no effect. The Pilots request to land at Runway 27, the longest runway at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. The 747 gets more faster the more closer it is the airport. They won't be able to slow the plane down in time. So, the pilots decide to circle the airport to try to slow the plane down. It soon does and the pilot are approaching Runway 27 then!



    The plane banks to the right and is uncontrollable and...






    (Another screenshot from the Mayday/Air Crash Investigation episode showing computer animation reenactment of the exact collision of the 747 with the Apartment building)

    El Al Flight 1862 then crashes into a apartment complex of the Bijimermeer Neighborhood of Southeast Amsterdam. The collision destroys the Boeing 747 on impact and destroyed a vast section of the building leading to a collapse that destroyed dozens of apartments. All 4 on board are killed. 39 on the ground are confirmed to be killed, (Initially police and Amsterdam Mayor Ed van Thijn believed at least 200 died) but this is under dispute. Many of the residents of the apartment building were illegal immigrants (Mostly from Ghana and Suriname). Some of the Illegal Ghanaians claimed that many of their family members are missing and undocumented on the fatality list If the official count is correct, 43 people lost their lives a further 26 more people suffered non-fatal injuries (11 of them in critical condition)

    Two police officers were investigating a Burglary report in the neighborhood Flight 1862 crashed into and immediately sounded a emergency alarm. The Apartment complex was located close to a firestation, who responded fairly quickly.

    Many witnesses claimed to see people jump from their apartments to escape the fire.

    Prime Minister Rudolphus "Rudd" Lubbers and Queen Beatix arrived to the scene to examine the damage.

    "This is a disaster that has shaken the whole country" quoted Lubbers.

    Many surviving residents would suffer from mycoplasma, an bacterial virus that leads to pneumonia (an infection that causes the lungs to be filled with fluid, inflammation of the lungs, fever, chest pain and difficulty of breathing). They probably got mycoplasma from the smoke from the fires after the impact.

    It's also speculated that some survivors suffered from uranium poisoning. According to a loadmaster, Some cargo placed onboard Flight 1862 were labeled "hazardous" but most of the cargo were fruit,perfume and computer equipment. Depleted Uranium was also used on the tail of Boeing 747s to support the weight of the tail.

    There are dozens of survivor cases of autoimmune disease, which is a condition when a part of the body has a abnormal immune response.


    ATC Conversation (If you wish to listen to the conversation, click here)

    (Note: CF= Captain Fuchs, FIO= First Officer Ohad AMS1= Amsterdam Airport Schiphol ATC Controller and ASM2 means Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Approach Control)

    FIO: El Al 1862 (one eight six two), Mayday! Mayday! We have an emergency!
    AMS: El Al 1862 (one eight six two) roger. Break KLM 237, turn lead heading 090
    AMS: 1862 (one eight six two), do you wish to return to Schiphol?
    FIO: Affirmative, Mayday! Mayday! Mayday!
    AMS: Turn right heading 260 (two six zero), field eh... behind you, eh.... in your - to the west, eh ....distance 18 (one eight) miles.
    FIO: Roger, we have fire on engine number three, we have fire on engine number three. (Fire alarm in background)
    AMS: Roger, heading 270 (two seven zero) for downwind.
    FIO: 270 (Two seven zero) downwind.
    FIO: El Al 1862 (one eight six two), lost number three and number four engine, number three and number four engine
    ASM1: Roger, one eight six two.
    ASM2: El Al 1862 (one eight six two), continue descent one thousand 5,000...10,500
    FIO: 15,000, and we have a controlling problem.
    ASM2: You have a controlling problem as well, roger.
    CF: Raise all the flaps, all the flaps raise. (In background, speaking in Hebrew)
    CF: - Ohhhhh! (In background)
    CF: Lower the gear (In background, speaking in Hebrew)
    FIO: Going down...eh...1862 (one eight six two), going down, going down, copied going down.


    Investigation:

    Initially, investigators believed the plane was damaged from a bomb from Palestinians due to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It was also highly believed due to the history of terrorist attacks on El Al planes or Ticket booths.

    However on the night of the disaster, a off-duty police officer who was boating on his personal yacht reported what he initially believed to be parachutes to be the jet engines that separated from the Boeing 747 fall towards the ground. These engines were later discovered, Investigators discover a fatigue crack found on Engine three's fuse pin. They believe that the crack was developed to ageing. The fuse pin failed which lead to the engine breaking off. Due to being at full speed at the time of the breakup, the Third engine had enough power to collide into the Fourth engine and have that engine also break off. It was also discovered the fire warning was false due to the damage of the 747. Due to how damaged the hydraulics were, the flaps couldn't be extended. When the pilots slowed the plane downed, the plane stalled to the right which lead to the crash.

    In response to the accident, Boeing now makes new,stronger fuse pins for their 747s


    Flight 1862 was the first disaster in El Al's history that didn't involve either a hijacking or shootdown. It is also the deadliest aviation accident in the history of the Netherlands (Surpassing the 1946 KLM Amsterdam DC-3/C-47 accident that killed all 26 onboard)




    (The remains of the engines)












    (The Apartment Building after the collision)






    (Bijimeer, The Neighborhood of the Crash site location pictured here in 2008)




    ( Dutch News Footage of the disaster)
     

    Attached Files:

    • 4X-AXG.jpg
    • Flight1862engineserpuration.png
    • Flight1862Collision.png
    • Ct6zub6W8AAz3uy.jpg
    • 5f482385516c27631d34bc3eb461ccd0.jpg
    • bijlmerramp1.jpg
    • 763.jpg
    • 800px-Gooiord_Bijlmer.jpg
    #1 tsunamidrew, Mar 5, 2020
    Last edited: Mar 5, 2020
    • Like Like x 2
  2. tsunamidrew

    tsunamidrew
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    Joined:
    Apr 5, 2016
    Messages:
    348
    This is my second story from Captain Adam's thread i decided to put on this thread:


    Saudia 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines 1907 (The 1996 Charkhi Dadri Mid-air Collision)


    Accident:
    Date: November 12th,1996
    Summary: Mid-air collision due to pilot error from Kazakhstan Airlines 1907
    Site: Charkhi Dadri,India
    Fatalities: 312 (All Saudia 763) 37 (All Kazakhstan Airlines 1907) Total: 349
    Survivors:0 (4 initially in Kazakhstan Airlines, 2 initially in Saudia 763)
    Injuries (non Fatal):--- (None)


    Plane 1:




    (HZ-AIH, The Boeing 747-100B involved in 1986 at London Heathrow Airport)

    Operator: Saudia
    Aircraft: Boeing 747-100B
    Registration: HZ-AIH
    Crew:23
    Passengers:289
    Fatalities:312 (All) (310 from crash,2 from injuries)
    Survivors:0 (2 initially)
    Injuries (Non Fatal):----
    Nature: International Scheduled Passenger
    Phase: En-Flight
    Origin Airport: Indira Gandhi International Airport,India
    Stopover Airport: Dhahran International Airport,Saudi Arabia (now King Abdulaziz Air Base)
    Destination Airport: King Abdulaziz International Airport,Saudi Arabia
    Flight Number: 763
    Damage: Destroyed


    Plane 2:



    (UN-76435, The Ilyushin IL-76TD involved in 1994 at Düsseldorf Airport,Germany)

    Operator: Kazakhstan Airlines
    Aircraft: Ilyushin IL-76TD
    Registration: UN-76435
    Crew:10
    Passengers:27
    Fatalities: 37 (All) (33 from crash,4 from injuries)
    Survivors:0 (4 initially)
    Injuries (Non Fatal):----- (None)
    Nature: International Charter Passenger
    Phase: En-Flight (About to land)
    Origin Airport: Shymkent International Airport, Kazakhstan
    Destination Airport: Indira Gandhi International Airport,India
    Flight Number: 1907
    Damage: Destroyed

    Summary:

    On November 12th,1996. Saudia Flight 763 is flying over Haryana State,India after taking off from Indira Gandhi International Airport,Delhi, India bound for Dhahran International Airport in Dhahran,Saudi Arabia (Now King Abdulaziz Air Base). The Flight will continue to King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah,Saudi Arabia. The plane operating Flight 763 is a 14 year old Boeing 747-100B registered as HZ-AIH. The 747-100B had a registration of 22748/555 and had its first flight on February 3rd,1982 and delivered to Saudia the same year. On board are 23 crew, The Captain was 45 year old Khalid al-Shubaily with more than 9,800 Flight Hours. The First Officer was Nazir Khan whose age and flight hours remain unknown. The Second Officer who is only identifed as "Edris" also has age and flight hours unknown. The remaining crew are 20 Flight Attendants. On board are 289 Passengers, Most of them are Indians and Nepali. Also flying in the same airspace is Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907. The Flight is scheduled to land at Indira Gandhi International Airport after a long flight from Shymkent International Airport in Kazakhstan. The plane operating the flight is a 4 year old Ilyushin IL-76TD registered as UN-76435 and having a serial number of 1023413428. It had its first flight in 1992 and brought to Kazakhstan Airlines for Cargo Flights the same year. The IL-76 had about 2,600 flight hours until the collision. On board are 10 Crew, The Captain was Gennadi Cherepanov whose age and flight hours are unknown. The First Officer's name, age and Flight Hours are also disclosed. The Radio Operator was Egor Repp whose age and Flight Hours are unclear. The Remaining crew are 7 Flight Attendants and Loadmasters. The Flight is charted by a Kyrgyz Fashion company to bring 27 passengers to India to either sell clothing or to go shopping, The passengers are either Krygyz or ethnically Russian Krygyz Citizens. In total 37 are onboard Flight 1907. It is currently 6:00 PM and both flights are handled by Air Trafic Controller (ATC) VK Dutta, The radar system is Primary Radar meaning it uses radar sensors to illuminate with electromagnet waves within airspace and tracks the flights position instead of altitude. VK Dutta, the ATC Controller has to rely on the pilots to understand the flights airspeed and altitude. First Officer Khan tells Dutta that they are approaching level 140 (14,000 Feet/4,270 Meters), The Pilots also request to raise altitude. In order to coordinate with other flights, Dutta wants the Saudia flight to stop climbing altitude. The Pilots of Saudia 763 decide to maintain at Level 140. Dutta wants to have Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 to fly above the Saudia Flight and after Flight 1907 passes by the Saudia Flight, Allow 763 to climb altitude. He also wants both Flights to be maintain 1,000 feet from each other. He also wants Flight 1907 to not be surprised by the Saudia Flight. Planes don't have any radar that allows pilots to see other flights nearby, so pilots must rely on Air Traffic Control to warm them of other flights. The Kazakh Pilots decide to descend the flight to 14,000 feet, Radio Operator Repp warns the pilots to climb back to 15,000 feet, then suddenly!,




    (A Computer Generated Image frame reenacting the collision)

    The Saudia 747 appears in their line of view, The left wing of the IL-76 strikes the tail of the 747, Both planes catch fire when they become uncontrollable and collide into the ground. Both planes crashed 7 Kilometers (4.35 miles) apart in Charkhi Dadri, a city in Haryana State,India located just 60 miles (96.5 Kilometers) west from Delhi. Initially there were 6 survivors (4 in the IL-76,2 in the 747) but they all died from their injuries. All 349 on both flights were killed. It is currently the worst mid-air collision in Aviation History (Surpassing the 1979 Dniprodzerhynsk mid-air collision that killed 178), the deadliest Aviation accident with no-survivors (surpassing Turkish Airlines Flight 981), The deadliest aviation accident in the history of India (Surpassing Air India Flight 855 that killed 213 people) and the 3rd deadliest aviation accident in history (Behind Japan Airlines Flight 123 that killed 520 and the Tenerife Airport Disaster that killed 583)





    (Firefighters controlling the fire of what remains of the IL-76)




    (Investigators, Military Officials and local villagers examine the remains of the 747)


    Nationalities (May not be accurate)

    Saudia Flight 763:
    : Bangladesh:1
    : India:241
    : Nepal:40
    : Pakistan:3
    : Saudi Arabia:24 (1 Passenger,all 23 Crew)
    : United Kingdom:1
    : United States:2

    Total: 312

    Kazakhstan Airlines 1907:
    : Kazakhstan:10 (All Crew)
    : Kyrgyzstan:14
    : Russia:13

    Total: 37


    Investigation:

    Investigators concluded that the collision was caused by the Kazakhstan Airlines crew from descending altitude due to a language barrier. Although the crew did pass English proficiency exams, they weren't fluent in English. Radio Operator Repp understood that the Saudia flight was at Level 140. However, the first officer believed the flight was assigned at 14,000 feet. Indira Gandhi International Airport now uses Secondary Radar which tracks the altitude and airspeed of flights. VK Dutta now works as an instructor for wannabe Air Traffic Controllers. As a result of the collision, The Kazakh government declared that Kazakhstan Airlines is Bankrupt. Kazakhstan Airlines's fleet was brought to Air Kazakhstan which went bankrupt in 2004 after the success of Air Astana that was founded in 2002 and remains the country's flag carrier. Saudia continued to use Flight 763 for their Hyderabad,India-Jeddah routes until terminating the flight number in 2016




    Videos:




    (A man cries after learning his family was among the victims on the Saudia Flight, he also lost his home)





    (AP Archive footage showing some of the crashsite and victims being sent to a morgue)




    (Relatives of the Saudia Flight Victims being interviewed by journalists)




    (Villagers bury the bodies of the victims)



    (Villagers cremate a total of 94 of the victims)




    (Investigators examine the Saudia Wreckage, BLOOD WARNING)
     

    Attached Files:

    • 40801862025_700a3c79d2_b.jpg
    • 800px-Kazakhstan_Airlines_Ilyushin_Il-76TD_Goetting-1.jpg
    • Image-0.jpg
    • 55aa7b1384d25354a762e36d9d2d316c.jpg
    • 14aircrash4.jpg
  3. tsunamidrew

    tsunamidrew
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    Joined:
    Apr 5, 2016
    Messages:
    348
    Turkish Airlines Flight 981



    (TC-JAV, The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 involved in 1973 at London-Heathrow Airport,United Kingdom)

    Operator: Turkish Airlines
    Date: March 3rd,1974
    Summary: Cargo Door failure due to Design Flaw leading to loss of control and Explosive Decompression
    Site: Ermenonville Forest,Oise,France
    Aircraft: McDonnell-Douglas DC-10-10
    Aircraft Name: Ankara
    Registration: TC-JAV
    Occupants: 346
    Crew:11
    Passengers:335
    Fatalities: 346 (All)
    Survivors:0
    Injuries (Non Fatal):--- (None,all killed)
    Nature: International Scheduled Passenger
    Phase: En-Flight
    Origin Airport: Yeşilköy Airport, Istanbul, Turkey (Now called Istanbul Atatürk Airport) (Now closed to Commercial Aviation)
    Stopover Airport: Paris-Orly Airport,Paris,France
    Destination Airport: London-Heathrow Airport,London,United Kingdom
    Flight Number: 981
    Damage: Destroyed

    Summary:

    On March 3rd,1974, Turkish Airlines Flight 981 is at Paris-Orly Airport in Paris,France for stopover, The flight originated at Yeşilköy Airport in Istanbul, Turkey (The Airport is now called Istanbul Atatürk Airport). After the stopover, the final leg will head to London-Heathrow Airport in London,United Kingdom. The plane operating the flight is a two year old McDonnell-Douglas DC-10-10 registered as TC-JAV. The DC-10 involved had about 2,955 Flight Hours and 1,537 Flight Cycles. The DC-10 was originally was going to be delivered to All Nippon Airways (ANA) but was cancelled for the Lockheed L-1011 Tristar after ANA was bribed by Lockheed to purchase their aircraft. In total, ANA cancelled the orders of five DC-10s (Including the one flying Flight 981), three of them (Including TC-JAV) were brought to Turkish Airlines while the other two were brought to Laker Airways, a private charter airline based in the United Kingdom.

    On board are 11 Crew,

    The Pilot-in-Command (PIC) was Captain Nejat Berköz, age 44, with 7,783 hours of Flight Time.

    His Co-Pilot was Oral Ulusman, age 38, with 5,589 hours of Flight Time.

    The Flight Engineer was Second Officer Erhan Özer, age 37, with 2,113 hours of Flight Time.

    The remaining crew are 8 Flight Attendants.

    during the Istanbul-Paris Leg, 167 passengers were on board but 50 left at Paris leaving 117 initial passengers on board,

    A worker strike of British European Airways (BEA) pilots caused passengers heading for London to be stranded at Paris-Orly Airport and board Turkish Airlines Flight 981. Other passengers were initially supposed to fly on Air France,British European Airways (BEA), Pan Am and Trans World Airlines (TWA) but boarded the flight due to Flight Delays.

    as a result of the delays and the strikes, 218 new passengers board in Paris for the Paris-London leg of the journey.

    Among these passengers was John Cooper, 33, a British athlete who competed at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo for the 400 meter hurdles and 4 x 400 meter relay and won two silver medals. He also competed in the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City.
    Also on board are the Bury St. Edmunds RUFC Rugby union team returning home from the Five Nations game in Paris which they tied 12-12 against a French team.


    Only two passengers are seated in First class while the rest of the passengers are in Economy.

    In total 335 passengers are onboard and a total of 346 occupants.

    The flights departure was delayed to half an hour and took off at 12:32 PM Central European Time (CET). Shortly after Takeoff, Flight 981 is instructed by Air Traffic Control (ATC) to fly at 23,000 Feet/7,000 Meters (Level 230) and head west towards London. After flying by Meaux, a small town located 25.5 Miles (41.1 Kilometers) from Paris in the Seine-et-Marne Department at 11,000 feet (About 3,000 Meters)

    When all of a sudden!



    (A Screenshot from the Mayday/Air Crash Investigation episode covering Flight 981 showing computer animation of the cargo door falling out)

    The left cargo door blows off causing a intense increase of air pressure in the cargo bin and the passenger cabin above the cargo bin amounting to 14 kilopascals. It caused a section of the Passenger floor to separate sending 6 seats (All occupied by Japanese Passengers) to fly out. The Cargo Door also caused the backup control cables to be completely destroyed causing the pilots to lose control of their elevators, Ruder and the number two engine (The engine on the tail of the DC-10). The DC-10 is banking to the left and is pitching downwards in about a 20 ° Angle.



    (A Screenshot from the Mayday/Air Crash Investigation episode of computer animation showing the DC-10 falling towards the ground)


    The Pilots are trying to control the Plane but to no avail. First Officer Ulusman can be heard speaking in Turkish "The Fuselage has burst". Captain Berköz shouts "Speed". The DC-10 is slowing pitching up from the speed but it isn't that high enough to pull out..



    (A Screenshot from the Mayday/Air Crash Investigation episode covering the crash showing a computer animated moment of the collision)

    ....and the DC-10 crashes into the Ermenonville Forest, a state owned forest located in the Oise Department of France at 430 Knots (490 MPH/800 KPH). The DC-10 disintegrates into pieces while it crashes through the forest. The wreckage was too fragment, it was difficult to know what pieces of the DC-10 is what. The impact results in a small fire since there were too many larges pieces still intact to burn. All 346 on board are killed. 40 of the passengers were visibility able to be identified. Unfortunately though, 2 passengers are yet to be identified.



    Nationalities:
    : Argentina: 3
    : Australia: 2
    : Belgium: 1
    : Brazil: 5
    : Cyprus: 1
    : France: 16
    : India: 2
    : Ireland: 1
    : Japan: 48
    : Morocco: 1
    : New Zealand: 1
    : Pakistan: 1
    : Senegal: 1
    : South Vietnam: 1
    : Spain: 1
    : Sweden: 1
    : Switzerland: 1
    : Turkey: 55 (44 Passengers, all 11 Crew)
    : United Kingdom: 176
    : United States: 25
    : West Germany: 1
    : Unknown:2



    Investigation and Aftermath:

    The French Accident Investigation Bureau (BEA) and a team from the United States's National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigate the accident. The NTSB was allowed to investigate since the DC-10 is manufactured by McDonnell Douglas, an American based company.

    They discovered that the left cargo door was blown off which resulted two rows of seats to be sucked out due to the extreme force. These seats damaged the control cables resulting in the DC-10 to lose control.




    (The Accident Aircrafts rear, Notice how the Cargo door is extremely close to the cabin door which could lead to the seats to damaged to cables and elevator)


    The Investigators discover that the cargo door blew out since it wasn't locked properly . The latches that are meant to keep the cargo door closed was not locked.


    Two years prior to the crash of Flight 981, American Airlines Flight 96, another McDonnell-Douglas DC-10 made a emergency landing after its cargo door, no one was killed but 11 people were injured.

    Following Flight 96, the NTSB recommended to McDonnell-Douglas to change the design of the cargo door.

    This change would have make it impossible for baggage handlers to close the Cargo Door lever if the door was not locked properly.

    The NTSB also recommended that McDonnell-Douglas add vents to the floors of DC-10s.

    This would allow the different air pressure to equalize without the floor collapsing just in case of a event that a cargo door does blow out en-flight.

    Investigators discovered that McDonnell-Douglas had in-fact never implemented the suggestions by the NTSB.

    The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) had never even issued an "Airworthiness Directive" which would have made these changes implemented. This is the case since the FAA and McDonnell-Douglas had signed an agreement which prevents this directive from being used. McDonnell-Douglas told the FAA that they would "voluntarily" fix the Cargo Door problem.

    This could have prevented the directive from damaging the DC-10's reputation, considering at the time, the DC-10 was introduced to service a year prior.

    McDonell-Douglas did make some changes to the DC-10, they were

    • Redesigned the locking mechanism
    • Including a peep-hole for baggage handlers to see if the cargo door was actually locked
    • Installing a support plate that prevents baggage handlers to pull down the cargo door if the locks weren't secured



    (Lock Port/Placards and warning stickers added on DC-10s)


    However, many baggage handlers didn't understand what the peep-hole was meant for. Mohammed Mahmoudi, the baggage handler who loaded cargo for Flight 981 on the day of the crash didn't understand the warning signs since he wasn't fluent in English (since Mahmoudi was originally from Algeria)

    As an addon, there had never been any support plates installed in the DC-10 involved in the crash.

    Investigators discovered the shocking truth to the accident: McDonnell-Douglas was aware of the cargo door problem during the DC-10's development.


    Many lawsuits were made towards McDonnell-Douglas after this discovery and McDonnell-Douglas paid $18M USD in damages while the FAA issued a directive that fixed the DC-10s door.

    There never been a incident involving the cargo door of the DC-10 or MD-11 since.


    Flight 981 is and remains the deadliest aviation accident in French History (Surpassing Air France Flight 007 that killed 130 of the 132 on board), the deadliest involving a McDonnell-Douglas DC-10 (Surpassing National Airlines Flight 27 that killed 1 man) and the deadliest single aircraft aviation accident with no survivors (Surpassing Aeroflot Flight 217 that killed all 174 on board)

    At the time, Flight 981 was the deadliest Aviation accident in History (Until surpassed by the 1977 Tenerife Airport Disaster that killed 583 people)

    It was also initially the deadliest single aircraft aviation accident in history (Until surpassed by Japan Airlines Flight 123 that killed 520 people)

    It was also was the deadliest aviation accident with no survivors until surpassed by the 1996 Charkhi Dadri Mid-Air Collision that killed 349 people (You can read that story above this post)



    Turkish Airlines still flies from Istanbul to London, however this flight is now non-stop and operated by mostly Airbus A330s and Boeing 737 (Next Gen)





    Photos:



    (The remains of the forest and the wreckage)



    (Families of the victims sit and pray at the crashsite)



    (Wreckage of the fuselage)



    (Firefighters at the crashsite)



    (A fatality recovered from the scene)



    (One of the engines at the scene)


    Videos:




    (Firefighters,police retrieving fatalities)






    (A news coverage of the disaster)





    (Japanese relatives mourning at the site)
     

    Attached Files:

    • 800px-McDonnell_Douglas_DC-10-10_Turkish_Airlines_AN1815013.jpg
    • 981CargoDoor.png
    • 981Falling.png
    • 981Crash.png
    • 396px-TC-JAV_Turkish_DC-10_6060110163.jpg
    • fig10_sm.jpg
    • turkish-airlines-mcdonnel-douglas-dc-10-10-tc-jav-flight-tk981-.jpeg
    • ermanonville.jpg
    • turkish-airlines-dc-10-disaster3.jpg
    • paris-crash.jpg
    • 154899816.jpg
    • C5_tHHxU0AQM91f.jpg
    #3 tsunamidrew, Mar 20, 2020
    Last edited: Mar 22, 2020
  4. tsunamidrew

    tsunamidrew
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    Joined:
    Apr 5, 2016
    Messages:
    348
    I will now declare April as "Good old times" month, which i will discus Aviation Accidents and Incidents that date prior to 1970 (Anywhere from the 1920s to 1969)

    So get ready.
     
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